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Electric Vehicle Charging Program

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What free equipment do I get if I am a successful applicant?


A: The Biosphere EV charger program supplies qualified applicants with

  1. A free EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) charger, which mounts on a wall and plugs into a 240 V outlet, with a NEMA 14-50 plug

  2. A winter-ready charging cable with a J1772 to plug into a vehicle

  3. Wall mounting brackets

  4. Up to $1000 to cover the costs of installation

Q: What expenses are reimbursed?


A: Any reasonable expense to install the charging station will be reimbursed up to a maximum of $1000, including purchase of materials, hiring of labour, electrician etc. This is on top of supplying you with a free EVSE. The reimbursement is up to $1500 if you choose to source your own EVSE. 

 

Benefits of Electric Vehicles 

Q: How much do electric vehicles (EV’s) reduce carbon dioxide emissions compared to internal combustion engines? 


A: In Ontario, which has a low emission electricity supply, the reduction is about 98%. A round trip to Toronto from Lion’s Head emits 200 lbs of CO2 in a car like a Honda Accord, and 2.5 lbs of CO2 in an EV.


 Q: Why would someone buy an electric vehicle?


A: EV’s have far lower operating costs than gas or diesel vehicles. Fuel cost is about ⅔ lower, if you charge your vehicle at home. And because EVs are simple (no muffler, catalytic converter, transmission, timing belt, fuel injector etc.) the maintenance cost is far lower. There is no need for oil changes. Consumer’s Reports estimate the cost of maintaining an EV is half the cost of an internal combustion vehicle. EVs have great acceleration, and are very quiet. They are also fun to drive!

 

Charging 

Q: Can any EV charge at a J1772 charging station like this program supports?


A: Yes.


Q: How much range does an EV gain per hour at a J1772 charger?


A: It will depend on both the charger installation (amperage), and the car. Typically it will give 30-45 km of range per hour. 


Q: Can an EV charge on a regular 110 V outlet?


A: Yes, provided the EV owner brought the charging cable. However, it will charge at a rate of only 7 km of added range per hour. A 110V outlet is called a Level 1 charger.


Q: What are the different types of Chargers


A: Level 1: This is a standard 110V plug

Level 2:This is exactly what this program supports. A level 2 charger is 240 V, with a J1772 connector. Typically it will provide a full charge overnight (about 7 hours).

Level 3 Charger A Level 3 charger will charge an EV very quickly from zero to 80% in as little as 30 minutes. But these are very expensive to install, and are typically only used on long road trips.


Operational Details
Chargers
Q:  Are there any special requirements from the Electrical Safety Authority for installing a car charger?
 
A:  Assuming the charger is mounted on a wall, it should be at least 1.35 m high, or the ESA may require installation of a bollard to prevent a vehicle from running into it. 
 

Q: I want to locate the charger away from the building, so a wall mount EVSE is not suitable. Can I get a pedestal mounted unit? 


A: Yes. The pedestal mounted units are directly connected to the electricity source rather than through a plug, so it is a slightly different model than the Biosphere supplies normally. You can order this directly, and since we aren’t providing you with the EVSE, we will reimburse you up to $500 for the EVSE. Pedestals are also available. Our supplier for the EVSE’s is https://www.autochargers.ca/products/grizzl-e-ev-chargers/.


Q: What is involved in installation?


A: First you will need to ensure your electric panel can support a 240V outlet. You may need to upgrade your panel before installation of the charger. Once your panel is ready, you can hire an electrician to install the charger. The EVSE that we supply has a NEMA 14-50 plug, and of course you will need this to be rated for outdoors if the EVSE is outside.

 

Q:  Can I install the EVSE directly to the electrical wires, thereby avoiding the NEMA 14 50 plug, and providing greater security for the unit, as it would be affixed to the electrical wires?  
 
A:  Yes, the plug can be removed by opening the box, and the system can be hard wired directly to your electrical system.  An electrician or someone with electrical knowledge would know how to do this

What electrical service do I need?

A: The charger is switchable internally from 16 to 40 amps of output, and requires 20 to 50 amps of input from your electrical panel. The recommended amperage is 50 input, 40 output, and this is the default setting. Specs/user manuals are available at https://grizzl-e.com/home-products/


Electricity

Q: How much electricity will an EV use? 


A: The amount of electricity used depends on how full the “tank” is when it arrives. Most EVs can accept 50-75 kWh of power from empty to full. 


Q: What will be the cost of the electricity used by the EV to my operation?


A: You can check your power bill to see what your price is per kWh. The maximum cost would likely be for 75 kwh of power times your electricity rate. 


Q: Can I charge a fee to my customer to use the charger? 


A: Yes. Some motels will include the charging in the room rate, much like wifi, or shampoo, but you may charge as you wish, and EV owners will be glad to pay a reasonable fee. You will want to post a sign indicating that users must register at the office.


Marketing my EV Charger

Q: How does an EV owner find my charging location?


A: There are a variety of apps that EV owners use (eg.https://ca.chargepoint.com/charge_point). An EV owner will have a strong preference to overnight accommodation that has a charger. 


You should promote that your facility has EV charging on your website and in your marketing materials – it is a good selling point.


Q: What signs should be posted?


A: It is desirable to post prominent signage reserving a space for EV’s, so that another customer doesn’t block the space. EV chargers are often put at a less convenient parking location, which discourages other customers from parking in front of it.


Eligibility of Different EVSE 

Q: I want to use a different EVSE than you are offering. Can I do this and still be reimbursed?


A: You can buy any EVSE you want, and we will reimburse you up to $500 toward the purchase in lieu of us supplying you with the EVSE.